Site ROSPA0004 Balta Albă-Amara-Jirlău




Buzău & Brăila Counties

This site was established by the Government Decision no. 1284/ 24.10.2007 on the designation of the special protection areas for avifauna as an integral part of the Natura 2000 European Ecological Network in Romania and modified by the Government Decision no. 971/2011. The designation of the site was aimed at establishing the protected natural habitat regime and classifying it into the management plan as a special avifauna protected area – with over 100 species and maintaining or ensuring, where appropriate,   a favorable conservation status for certain species.

From an administrative point of view, the site is located in Region 2 SE, on the territory of Buzău and Brăila, being overlapped with the following territories the following administrative territorial units: Balta Albă și Boldu (jud. Buzău), respectiv Grădiștea, Vișani, Jirlău și Galbenu (jud. Brăila). ROSPA0004 has an area of 4744 ha and a perimeter of about 36 km.


45.227591, 27.262087


Situl ROSPA0004 Balta Albă-Amara-Jirlău


The habitat of the site includes steppe meadows, meadows dominated by halophile species, but also farmland used for intensive farming, communal lawns, degraded land due to salted deposits (not used by the farmers), groves (especially on Buzau’s old arm of land) and river meadow forests. The territory also includes ponds, more or less clogged and watercourses (Buzoel, Boldu, Buzău – whose river bed moved naturally several decades ago).

The wildlife includes a variety of local species of birds (buhaiul de baltă, the red stork, lopătarul, the red duck, eretele de stuf, the common pelican, the curly pelican), but also regular migratory birds (the summer-goose, the white-fronted goose, fluieraşul, the shore-woodcock, the summer-swan, the winter-swan, the brown-headed duck).

Botaurus stellaris (Buhai de balta), Ardea purpurea (Starcul rosu), Platalea leucorodia (Lopatar), Aytya nyroca (Rata rosie), Glareola pratincola(Ciovlica), Circus aeruginosus (Erete de stuf), Pelecanus onocrotalus (Pelican comun), Pelecanus crispus (Pelican cret)

Anser anser (Gasca de vara), Anser albifrons (Garlita mare), Tringa erythropus (Fluierarul), Limosa limosa (Sitar de mal), Cygnus olor (Lebada de vara), Cygnus cygnus(Lebada de iarna), Aythya ferina(Rata cu cap castaniu), Merops apiaster (Prigoare)


Bird protection and the conservation of certain species in the site pose several risks. The site is vulnerable to the expansion of the agricultural land, the use of mechanized machinery in agricultural practices, the uncontrolled use of fertilizers and pesticides, the grubbing up of broken trees and forests, the uncontrolled cuttings in meadow forests, and the collection of wild bird eggs. Also, poaching, hunting with unauthorized nets or traps, hunting with the support of a team designated to scare the hunting, hunting near nesting places – these are all realities that can not be neglected. For example, dogs accompanying herds destroy eggs and attack chickens. Moreover, the burning of stubble and uncultivated land, as well as the lack of ecological education of locals, are also major risks.

Also, the establishment of domestic waste platforms became an emergency, so in SCI0005, on the territory of the administrative unit Balta Albă, near the Balta Albă and Amara natural reserves, at the initiative of the Balta Albă Local Council, two manure storage and management platforms were set up.


We are happy to answer your questions.


Situl ROSPA0004 Balta Albă-Amara-Jirlău

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